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Red beets, cultivation

Red beets, cultivation


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Red beets, cultivation: period, harvest, care, fertilization, type of soil ... everything you need to know forgrow red beet

Red beets, red beards, red carrots, red turnips ... each region has its own name but the plant is always the same, thebeta vulgaris,widespread throughout the national territory with its various varieties.

In fact, they can be grownroot beets(where, in fact, the fleshy root, the beetroot is consumed) efoliage beets, where the tender and tasty leaves are consumed. Thechard, in fact, they are nothing but a variety ofbeets(Beta vulgaris).

Among the root varieties, we mention theround beetsand thelong beets, shown respectively in the photo above and in the photo at the bottom of the page. The instructions for thecultivation, they do not differ between the varieties with fleshy roots which have the same needs for soil and nutrients.

Of thebeetfrom root you cancultivateanother variety, themammouth red fodder beet. This variety of the speciesBeta vulgarisit is not suitable for human consumption, has very large and heavy roots (hence the namemammouth), rich in sugar. In any case, the concentration of sucrose, although high, is always lower than that present in the sugar variety (sugar beet).

Of the variety oflong, round beetsintended for human consumption, much importance is given to the fleshy root but, in reality, the aerial part (the leaves) is also edible. Just as with root parsley, the leaves, to be harvested still tender, can be eaten like chard. The production of leaves, however, is very small and, therefore, if your aim is to cultivate chard, better change variety!

Red beets, cultivation

Let's start with the climatic and soil needs.

Therebeetrootit is a tuber native to European countries and North Africa so it is possible cultivateeasily in all areas of the Mediterranean.

Thered beetsdo not require special conditions cultivation; the plant prefers slightly acid and clayey soils but adapts well to any type of soil. Beforesow red beet, work on the soil and, if particularly poor, add some mature manure with a deep dig. This procedure is always recommended before any sowing to improve the structure and fertility of the soil.

How to grow red beets

Thered beardsthey are very easy to cultivatein the vegetable gardenor in cassoni (raised vegetable garden, vegetable garden in tubs or pots). For the cultivation ofbeets in potsDeep and very capacious vessels are required to allow the optimal development of the fleshy root.

When to sow red beets?

There beetrootyou cansowall year round, except for the colder months. Ideally, you cangrow beetrootby running thesowingbetween March and mid-June.

For "Play it safe" and choose theperiodright for thesowing, take a look at the thermometer: you cansowwhen the soil temperatures have reached 8 - 9 ° C.

How to sow red beet?

All you need to do is broadcast sowing and a very light raking. Or, for sowing in pots, with soft soil, place the seeds at a depth of 2 cm.

The distance between the different series to be grown must be 20-25 cm, within the same series the plants must be 5-6 cm apart. Theredistancevista is valid for classic round varieties, for elongated varieties, it will be necessary to leave a space of 25 - 30 cm between the rows and 8 - 9 cm between the plants in the same row.

THEbeetroot seedsthey are very common and easily found. For thecultivationI advise you to choose organic seeds of the classic round variety. On Amazon, these seeds are priced at 6.64 euros with free shipping costs. For all the info I refer you to the page: organic seeds.

How long does it take from sowing to harvesting?
For the reported variety it takes only 3 months to have the first fleshy roots ready to harvest.

Red beets:association and rotation in the garden

Here is a series of useful pointers for thecultivation of red beeton previously uncultivated land and onrotation in the garden.

If the soil has been set aside in autumn, prepare it by deep plowing. In spring, enrich the soil with peat or fertile soil. As stated, the fertilizer ideal for thecultivation of beetrootit is mature manure.

The optimal soil pH value is around 6 - 7 - 7.5.

You never have to cultivate for two years in a row, the beetroot, on the same ground.

It should not be cultivated even aftermammoth beet, chard and other varieties of beets. Growing on the same plot of land as spinach should also be avoided.

This is because thebeetrootit is a tuber that absorbs a lot of nutrients from the soil and gets there cultivation will not stop for 3 - 4 years, the new ones crops they may not reach harvest because they are deficient in various plant nutrients.

Red beets, properties

The reduced calorie content and the high amount of minerals make red turnips a perfect food for low-calorie diets. According to some studies thebeetrootit could be a food capable of preventing cancer or even fighting it.

There beetroot it is contraindicated for diabetics and for those suffering from kidney stones, on the contrary, it is strongly recommended for those suffering from anemia. For all the info: Red beets, Properties


Video: What Can I Grow In February - What To Plant In February (July 2022).


Comments:

  1. Huemac

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