How to grow carnations

How to grow carnations

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How to grow carnations in pots or in the garden. Advice for the care to devote to carnations and on multiplication by cuttings.

Grow the carnation in the garden or in pots

Carnations are ornamental plants that are used for the decoration of flower beds, gardens, terraces and balconies.

Their cultivation it is very simple. In this regard we will illustrate you how to grow carnations following our directions.

That of carnations (Dianthus) is a family including various annual, perennial or biennial species, characterized by flowers with numerous fringed petals, of various colors, from white to red to pink… without forgetting the beautiful mottled varieties. The most common species of carnation is Dianthus caryophyllus. Of this, the annual varieties can be grown in late winter or later in springbloom in summer. Some varieties cancultivatein autumn and bloom in the following spring. In both cases, the plant must be fertilized from March onwards, every 15 days in case ofcarnation in caseand every 20-30 days in case ofcarnation cultivation in the garden.

The classic carnation is a bushy perennial species that reaches a height of about 70 -80 cm. In recent times, from nurseries, it is possible to find a smaller variety with very abundant blooms: icarnations.

Carnation cultivation: care and advice

THEcarnationsthey are nothing but a selection of the species Dianthus caryophyllus. THEcarnationsthey are characterized by small, single or double globose flowers. The petals are often fringed and like icarnationsclassics, they begin to bloom in spring with bright colors.

Thecareto be dedicated tocarnationsare the same requests fromcarnations.

How to plant carnations in the garden

To get startedgrow carnations and carnations it is important to work the soil well. If you wantgrowing carnations in the gardenyou have to:

  • Avoid particularly compact and crusty soils, better a substrate rich in organic substance composed of a part of sand, in order to facilitate drainage.
  • Dig up the soil to remove weeds
  • Immerse the pots in a bucket of water before planting
  • Make a hole twice the volume of the jar
  • Plant the root ball with the top at ground level
  • Fill the hole, then compress the soil slightly
  • Water to naturally settle the earth.

How to grow carnations in pots

Carnations can also be grown in pots and planters. In this case, the jarit must be filled with a good mixture. Use an earthy mixture of topsoil, loam and coarse sand. If you buy ready-made potting soil, choose a potting soil forflowering plants.

  • For a good flowering it is good to water regularly in the spring weeks, taking care that the soil is never dry
  • THE carnations they should be fertilized in spring every 20 days with specific fertilizer for flowering plants, diluted in the watering water or every 3/4 months with slow-release granular fertilizer.
  • Remove withered flower stems as they appear to stimulate future blooms.
  • The indicative temperature is between 10 and 20 degrees, therefore in areas with a harsh climate during the winter they should be placed in a sheltered place.

Exposure: thecarnation in potor in the garden, it must be placed infull sun. It tolerates direct sunlight well even in partial shade as long as it is in a very bright place. It bears the wind with difficulty so beware if you are going togrow carnations in potson the balcony of the house.

Carnations and carnations: care

Apart from thecarejust listed in the article, to obtainbloomsmore lasting, there is an effective strategy: the pruning of dried flowers.

When the stem with the flower fades, it eliminates the jet so as to stimulate the emission of new onesflowers.

Among the diseases to be treated we point out the cryptogamic ones and some parasites. THE carnations they fear the ill-white caused by high ambient humidity.

In case of carnation with yellow leaves and yellow stems you should proceed with a product based on copper sulphate or a fungicide (copper based fungicide). Fusariosis, a fungal disease that involves yellowing and withering of the stems and leaves.

They are also prone to animal parasites such as thrips, worm larvae and mites. These parasites take root more when the vegetation is too dense. For this reason, at the time of planting, make sure you space the plants well from each other.

Carnation: reproduction by cutting

All instructions on themultiplication of carnations by cuttingsare available in the guide: how to make the carnation cutting.

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